Medjay


Medjay
    The Medjay are mentioned in the Egyptian records as early as the Old Kingdom, when the term is used to denote a group of desert tribesmen in *Nubia who became scouts and light-armed auxiliaries in the Egyptian army. By the First Intermediate Period it is evident that they are still in the military service, since an inscription at the Hatnub quarry mentions them among the followers of the prince of the Hermopolitan nome.
    By the Eighteenth Dynasty, this term simply comes to mean a 'policeman'. The Medjay were men who patrolled and guarded the desert frontiers, protected the cemeteries and undertook general duties to maintain order throughout Egypt. They even acted as law enforcement officers and protected the royal necropolis workers' village at Deir el Medina. The senior police officer in charge of the force was called 'Chief of the Medjay', and in each large town there was a police force under the control of a 'Captain of the Medjay.' By the New Kingdom, the term 'Medjay' no longer implied a person of *Nubian origin and many of them were now undoubtedly of native Egyptian stock.
BIBL. Davies, N. de G. The Tombs of Two Officials ofTuthmosis the Fourth. EES. London: 1923.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Medjay — Medjaÿ Medjaÿ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medjaÿ — Medjaÿ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medjay — …   Wikipedia

  • Medjai — Medjaÿ Medjaÿ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nubia — This article is about the region in Africa, for other uses see Nubia (disambiguation). The Nubia region today Nubia is a region along the Nile river, which is located in northern Sudan and southern Egypt. There were a number of small Nubian… …   Wikipedia

  • Apedemak — Apedemak, alt Apademak, was a lion headed warrior god worshiped in Nubia.The term Nubia is a misnomer in that it was created in post dynastic times to describe eastern Sudan, a region that was at various times in history considered a part of… …   Wikipedia

  • Medjau — Medjau in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Middle Kingdom of Egypt — History of Egypt This article is part of a series Prehistory Ancient Egypt Early …   Wikipedia

  • Ramesses XI — Pharaoh Infobox | Name=Ramesses XI Alt=Also written Ramses and Rameses Caption=Hacked image of Rameses XI from the temple of Karnak NomenHiero= z:z iwn nTr:HqA ms N36:r*r C12 R19 C2 xa Nomen= Ramesses Khamwaset Meryamun Netjerheqaiunu [… …   Wikipedia

  • Titre honorifique dans l'Égypte antique — Dignitaire …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.